WP4 focuses on the social and psychosocial factors that infants (pre-, peri-, postnatal), children, and adolescents experience as individuals, or as members of a family or community – their so called ‚Social Exposome'. We will investigate how these factors impact on environmental inequalities, the children’s/young people’s vulnerability to the health effects from these environmental exposures in the Physical Exposome, and ultimately their development, cognitive functioning, and mental health. The conceptual framework that will be developed will also address how inequalities arise and are maintained in the Social Exposome and relate this to environmental inequalities in the Physical Exposome (together, the External Exposome).
This understanding of embodying inequalities will enable the development of indicators of the Social Exposome that can be applied to assess intermediate and differential health effects of ‘exposures’ within the Social Exposome, allowing the analysis of large groups of children/young people from across Europe. In addition, where and how children and young people from different social backgrounds spend their time at different life stages will be collected in the form of time-activity patterns and used as input for WP4. Based on the Health Equity in All Policies approach, a further objective is to assess how these inequalities in the Social and Physical Exposome are minimized or reinforced in particular contexts by policies from different sectors.